SINO-GERMAN DEMON-STRATION PROJECTS

The Sino-German Demonstration Projects on Energy Efficiency in Industry and City Quarters aim at increasing energy efficiency, reducing carbon dioxide emissions, and showcasing German know-how and solutions in China, while providing a platform for strengthening the bilateral private sector cooperation and involving both side’s industries in the implementation of the projects.

Sino-German Demonstration Project on Ener-gy Efficiency in Industry

Background & Objective

Due to rapidly growing energy consumption and rising environmental problems, China is striving to significantly improve energy efficiency, especially in the industrial sector which accounts for around 70% of primary energy consumption in China. With its vision of an Energy Revolution, China has set the goal of peaking carbon dioxide emissions before 2030, reaching CO2 neutrality by 2060, and reducing energy intensity per unit of GDP by more than 65% by 2030. Between 2005 and 2017, China al-ready achieved an energy intensity reduction of 39.8%. However, China’s energy intensity remains at a relatively high level compared to Germany and other OECD countries.

Against this background, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Inter-nationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH implements the demonstration project on energy saving in China’s indus-try sector jointly with the the National Energy Conserva-tion Center (NECC) of China. The demonstration project is part of the Sino-German Energy Partnership between the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) and the National Development and Re-form Commission of the PR China (NDRC).

The overall aim of the project is to achieve a significant increase in energy efficiency in China’s energy-intensive industry, contribute to the reduction of GHG emissions in China, and strengthen the private sector cooperation between China and Germany.
Approach & Progress 

Phase I (2017- 2019)

In the demonstration project’s first phase (2017-2019), based on different technical criteria, the project team selected six pilot companies from various industrial branches (airport, cement, ceramics, glass fiber, paper, power generation) and conducted energy audits. Based on the audit results, the project team proposed tailored and financially sustainable measures (both cross-sectoral and process-specific efficiency measures) to reduce ener-gy consumption and emissions. 75 different energy sav-ing measures were identified for both cross-sectional and industry-specific technologies, the 20 most profitable of which were implemented, or the implementation initiat-ed. The communication of these results and experiences promotes energy efficiency measures in other industrial enterprises and thus leverages large energy efficiency improvement and emission reduction potentials across China.

Further outputs from phase I include, among others, the introduction of life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) to China, capacity building for energy-efficient solutions and pro-cesses as well as energy audits and energy management in industrial companies, legislative framework develop-ment for energy audits in China and a strengthened pri-vate sector cooperation between China and Germany.

Phase II (2020-2022)

In the second project phase, GIZ and its partners will continue to disseminate the experiences and results of phase I, continue their support for the implementation of further energy efficiency measures in the pilot compa-nies with an active involvement of German energy effi-ciency technology companies, and strengthen the capaci-ties of representatives of the six pilot industries for sec-tor-specific energy efficiency measures.

Outputs of phase II (excerpt)

  • Continuous support for the implementation of energy efficiency measures in pilot companies and involvement of German industry;
  • Development and dissemination of technical guidelines for industry-specific energy efficien-cy measures in the pilot sectors;
  • Dissemination of project experiences and re-sults via sector-specific workshops and ‘road-shows’;
  • Capacity building on and development of fur-ther training materials for life cycle cost anal-yses.

Sino-German Demonstration Project on Ener-gy Efficiency in City Quarters

Background and objective

Cities, accounting for about 70% of the final energy con-sumption and greenhouse gas emissions worldwide, are crucial for a successful global energy transition. In Ger-many as well as in China, many cities, urban districts and industrial parks are striving to restructure their local energy supply system and achieve a sustainable devel-opment by increasing energy efficiency and making greater use of climate-neutral potentials.

Against this background, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Inter-nationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH implements the demonstration project on energy saving in cities jointly with the German Energy Agency (dena) and the China Energy Conservation and Environmental Protection Group (CECEP Consulting). The demonstration project is part of the Sino-German Energy Partnership between the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Ener-gy (BMWi) and the National Development and Reform Commission of the PR China (NDRC).

The overall aim of the project is to contribute to munic-ipal climate protection by developing and implementing an integrated concept for the efficient and sustainable energy system of an urban district or an industrial park and to identify existing – and economically interesting – energy saving and greenhouse gas emission reduction potentials. Furthermore, the project aims at improving the market conditions for energy efficiency technologies and services for the realization of sustainable local ener-gy systems, strengthening the private sector cooperation between Germany and China, and involving German companies in the implementation of energy efficiency measures.

Project approach

The demonstration project introduces German and inter-national experiences and best practices on low-carbon integrated municipal energy planning, relevant technical standards, technologies and innovative business models to China. Both German and Chinese stakeholders from local authorities, industry and academia are involved in the pilot project. The project implementation mainly focuses on the following work streams:

  • Technical advice and support for a selected pilot city quarter/industrial park on developing and implementing an integrated municipal en-ergy concept and an energy efficiency concept for buildings;
  • Capacity building for multiplicators in relevant organizations (train-the-trainer) to enable them to develop and implement trainings on munici-pal energy planning and energy efficiency in buildings;
  • Providing a platform for German and Chinese private sector stakeholders and deepening the bilateral economic cooperation;
  • Dissemination and communication of project results and experience to further Chinese cities and industry parks.

Project outputs (excerpt):

  • Development of an integrated municipal energy concept for a city quarter or industry park;
  • Development of concepts for energy-efficient building and refurbishment;
  • The implementation of the concepts is initiated and German and Chinese companies, investors, project developers and operators are actively involved;
  • Introduction of business models for building and operating sustainable local energy supply systems (electricity, heating, cooling) in China;
  • Establishment of an energy network to strength-en the exchange between local companies and organizations on successful energy efficiency measures;
  • Strengthening of competencies and capacities of relevant Chinese stakeholders regarding inte-grated energy and resource management and energy-efficient technologies.